Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood. If triglycerides levels are high, they can
increase the risk of heart disease. Triglycerides are stored in the fat cells. When caloric intake is
excessive, the additional calories are converted into triglycerides (fat) and stored in fat cells. This is how the body stores its body fat. Take your triglyceride number seriously. Extremely high triglyceride can cause pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas). Overweight / obesity, lack of exercise can increase triglyceride levels in blood.
To lower triglycerides the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel
1 Weight loss of 7 to 10% of body weight should be encouraged if indicated.
2 Avoid excessive intake of carbohydrate (not more than 50% of calories) especially refined
carbohydrates e.g. sugar and sweets
3. Choose fats wisely and lower the intake of fat to not more than 35% of calories in the diet.
4. Eat plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains, non-fat milk and non –fat dairy products,choose fatty fish, lean meat and lean meat alternatives e.g. tofu, soybeans lentils and
5. Abstain or limit alcohol intake according to your doctor’s advice.
6. Include regular physical activity such as walking for a minimum of 30 minutes on
most days of the week.